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The Cape Coast Castle established in 1555 by the Portuguese is one of about forty “slave castles”, or large commercial forts, built in Ghana of West Africa by European traders, originally a center for the trade in timber and gold but later used in the trans-Atlantic slave trade.

Central Region

Ghana: Central Region
Population: 2,859,821

The Central Region was historically a part of the Western Region. It is the third-smallest region in terms of area after Greater Accra and Upper East, taking roughly 9,826 square kilometers (4.1%) of Ghana’s total land area. Its shared borders with the Greater Accra Region on the east, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Western Region on the west are all in Ghana. The 168-kilometer Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) shoreline is located on the southern side. 

The main economic activities are salt mining and coastal fishing, which account for between 40% and 45% of all fish landings in Ghana. Another profitable industry for people looking to invest in the area is fish farming. Lagoons and the sea are both present in the Central Region, making fish farming an important aspect of the region’s coastline. As this industry has the capacity to export both fresh and preserved fish to nearby nations, there are enormous opportunities for investors. While gold mining is the main industry, the rainforest regions of the hinterland are excellent for the large-scale production of oil palm, cocoa, citrus, and pineapple.   

Large clay reserves may be found in the area, which is where the Saltpond ceramics plant was built. Unfortunately, the sector of the economy has almost completely collapsed, but there is yet hope for it. With the growth of hotel services, tourism as an economic activity is currently on the rise. The region has evolved into the top destination for both domestic and international tourists thanks to its castles, forts, and the rainforest canopy walkway at Kakum National Park, as well as its stunning beaches. The Assin region is now accessible for tourism following the recent reburial of three African American slaves at Assin Manso.